China’s Bank Loans Coming Back to Bite Them

The Wall Street Journal reports today that profit growth slowed at China’s big banks in 2013. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China grew profits by 10%, the slowest pace since listing in 2006. Bank of China’s profits grew 12%, the second slowest pace of growth since listing in 2006. And Agricultural Bank of China posted a robust 15% profit rise, but was still the slowest pace of growth since listing in 2010.

China’s big banks make state sanctioned profits. Although the rules have loosened a little recently, for years financial repression saw the big banks make a chunky 3% spread on lending. That is, depositors received 3% interest while borrowing costs were 6%. The difference was the banks’ to keep.

As the chart below shows, since 2009 bank loan growth in China has been huge. Although it’s slowing marginally, it’s still running at a healthy clip of just under 15%. Most of the recent slowdown has come from the ‘shadow banking’ sector, which is included in the ‘total credit’ growth rate in the chart.

click to enlarge
Source: Society Generale

But the problem for China’s banks is that some of the loans they made during the boom are coming back to bite them. Bad loans are on the rise and as the credit bubble deflates, banks will have to write off past profits. Expect more of that in the next few years. The market certainly does, which is why China’s banks look ‘cheap’.

Phil Anderson, who will also be speaking at the conference, reckons China isn’t in trouble yet. But in a just released video series with Dan Denning, he explains what to look for as this credit bust unfolds. It’s what will turn things from a run-of-the-mill slowdown to something far more serious.

To find out what Phil’s keeping a very close eye on in China right now, sign up here for free access to the three part interview series.


Greg Canavan+
for Markets and Money

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Greg Canavan is a Contributing Editor at Markets & Money and Head of Research at Port Phillip Publishing. He advocates a counter-intuitive investment philosophy based on the old adage that ‘ignorance is bliss’. Greg says that investing in the ‘Information Age’ means you now have all the information you need. But is it really useful? Much of it is noise, and serves to confuse rather than inform investors. And, through the process of confirmation bias, you tend to sift the information that you agree with. As a result, you reinforce your biases. This gives you the impression that you know what is going on. But really, you don’t know. No one does. The world is far too complex to understand. When you accept this, your newfound ignorance becomes a formidable investment weapon. That’s because you’re not a slave to your emotions and biases. Greg puts this philosophy into action as the Editor of Crisis & Opportunity. He sees opportunities in crises. To find the opportunities, he uses a process called the ‘Fusion Method’, which combines charting analysis with more conventional valuation analysis. Charting is important because it contains no opinions or emotions. Combine that with traditional stock analysis, and you have a robust stock selection strategy. With Greg’s help, you can implement a long-term wealth-building strategy into your financial planning, be better prepared for the financial challenges ahead, and stop making the same mistakes that most private investors do every time they buy a stock. To find out more about Greg’s investing style and his financial worldview, take out a free subscription to Markets & Money here. And to discover more about Greg’s ‘ignorance is bliss’ investment strategy and the Fusion Method of investing, take out a 30-day trial to his value investing service Crisis & Opportunity here. Official websites and financial e-letters Greg writes for:

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