Europe’s Flawed Financial Transactions Tax (FTT)

Europe is still an economic train wreck in the making. But it’s happening in slow motion. The big crashes and explosions are missing. For now.

One spark to light things up may be the Financial Transactions Tax (FTT) that French President Nicholas Sarkozy is pushing. Sarkozy is pushing for the tax because he’s up for re-election this year. He needs to look like he’s on the side of the people and not working for the banks.

The tax would only raise about $70 billion, according to Bob Adelman at The American Statesman. Adelman writes:

The tax would be levied, initially at least, on every financial transaction taking place by any entity with a connection to the Eurozone, and would be levied at the rate of 0.1 percent on shares of stock and bonds, and 0.01 percent on all derivatives transactions. It is estimated that the FTT would cover about 85 percent of all transactions between financial institutions such as banks, investment firms, insurance companies, pension funds and hedge funds. It is expected to raise, in the beginning, about $70 billion annually to help fund the EU.

Ah. So there you have it. The tax is more about finding money for the EU than anything else. Europe needs to become more competitive. It also needs more economic growth to pay off the huge debts amassed by the Welfare State. The so-called “fiscal pact” agreed to in December didn’t achieve any of that. And nothing has changed since.

As an aside, using the tax system to punish speculation by banks and financial firms is emotionally satisfying. But it’s logically absurd. It’s also punitive financial-behaviour modification based on a flawed understanding of how wealth is created. How?

An FTT may disincentivise financial transactions by adding to their marginal cost. But as long as the supply of credit and cheap money to the banking system remains abundant, the banks have an open invitation to speculate. Banks speculate because the financial system makes it more profitable to speculate than to prudently invest. The problem isn’t the behaviour. The problem is the enabler.

The cause of an overly financialised economy isn’t the financial sector. It’s a monetary system that enables the unlimited growth of credit. If money were sound in Europe and the central bankers and politicians didn’t collude to run up big debts, growth wouldn’t be driven by credit. It would be driven by real demand from real incomes earned in money that grew in purchasing power over time.

In a world without financial fascism (the marriage of banking with the Welfare/Warfare state) people would have to make money the old-fashioned way: by delivering goods and services based on real, sustainable demand. Not by speculating.

The bright side is that the FTT is just the sort of thing that might pop the bubble of belief in corrupt financial markets and the governments that support them. The belief that governments will repay their debts would pop too. And you’d finally have some resolution of Europe’s problem with debt defaults, restructurings, and a reordering of the Eurozone along lines that suit the needs of the various member countries.

But none of that will happen this week. Europe is reaching the end of the growth road. Demographically, it’s ageing.

Economically, the Euro allowed for German manufacturing via export growth to the rest of Europe. But the southern part of Europe can’t compete with German industry. The result for Greece, Portugal, and Spain was less growth and more debt.

Now, Europe is trying to “grow” its way out of the debt problem by hoping a weak Euro will boost exports. That might happen. But we doubt everyone will benefit.

Dan Denning
for Markets and Money

Dan Denning
Dan Denning examines the geopolitical and economic events that can affect your investments domestically. He raises the questions you need to answer, in order to survive financially in these turbulent times.

Leave a Reply

3 Comments on "Europe’s Flawed Financial Transactions Tax (FTT)"

Notify of
Sort by:   newest | oldest | most voted
An interesting story in The Australian this morning, about returning financial industry expats fleeing the US and Europe. When all the waffle is separated out, what’s left is the real reason, money, the end of big salary and bonus packages. It seems mammon is king above all things, and your article needs to be fleshed out to take account of this. Sure the FTT will not solve the problem, and i suspect it is just another election ploy as you suggest. These expats are forgetting that the debt juggernaut will follow them to Australia, and they will have a difficult… Read more »

Shortchanged: if Europe’s peculiar Sarkozy and Merkel did try this potentially destructive tax, there would be more than expats returning to our shores.
We would get a proportion of the spoils as businesses flee Europe for Sydney, Singapore, London, NYC, Hong Kong and Chicago.
Although Sarkozy is talking tax nonsense for politically opportunistic purposes, it really makes you wonder how any leader could make such a fool of himself. But I guess some people will say anything to retain power.

I am sure you are right Sally, and yes politicians will do and say anything, as i have said before, beware the political ego. But I also think the wheels will come off in those cities and countries you mentioned, it is now a worldwide trait and though it may take sometime to happen, it surely will. Debt must be reined in, notwithstanding what some US Professor said about debt not mattering very much. I can’t believe an economist said that, maybe it was a bad day in class or something. I sincerely hope this is not going to be… Read more »
Letters will be edited for clarity, punctuation, spelling and length. Abusive or off-topic comments will not be posted. We will not post all comments.
If you would prefer to email the editor, you can do so by sending an email to