Why the Latest Global Manufacturing Data Is Not Good, Just Less Worse

Bear market rallies are fascinating to watch. They’re sneaky, deceptive, and utterly believable. Those on the sidelines watch with regret as markets slowly move up. One by one, they get sucked in to ‘participating’ in the rally. The bulls – we mean the ones who think it’s always a good time to buy – talk about the market climbing a ‘wall of worry’ as they celebrate another leg-up and the apparent dawn of a new bull market.

Why do we think this is a bear market rally? We’ll get to that in a moment. First, let’s take a quick look at the bear’s recent work.

Global markets finished up strongly overnight on the release of ‘strong’ global manufacturing data. The beginning of each month sees the release of manufacturing indices for a whole bunch of countries. Known as the PMI Index, the standardised indicator tells whether a country’s manufacturing sector is expanding (denoted by a reading above 50) or contracting (a reading below 50).

For the month of January some countries (China, the UK and Germany) posted better than expected results. In the US the index came in slightly below expectations. But that didn’t stop the market rallying anyway.

At a reading of 50.5, China managed to keep its manufacturing head above water in January. But unlike its Western counterparts, the Chinese market actually fell around 1 per cent! ‘Better than expected’ means less chance of a monetary boost from the central bank. The stock market wasn’t happy. It appears easy money creates easy wealth – more so than producing things.

Let’s put things into perspective. JPMorgan, who compiles and aggregates the global data, had this to say in its press release:

The global manufacturing sector continued to record below trend growth at the start of 2012. At 51.2 in January, the JPMorgan Global Manufacturing PMI™ rose to a seven month high, but remained below its long-run average (51.8).

JPMorgan Global Manufacturing PMI – Not Good, Just Less Worse

JPMorgan Global Manufacturing PMI - Not Good, Just Less Worse

The way we see it, after falling throughout 2011, manufacturing output is simply rebounding. It’s enjoying its own bear market rally. But if we’re in a deflationary world, doesn’t that mean too much global capacity? And doesn’t that point to the elimination of the excess capacity via lower global output?

We would guess yes. It doesn’t have to happen in January, February or even March, but you shouldn’t get too carried away with this little manufacturing upswing.

Bill Gross certainly isn’t. His latest investment letter echoes Dan’s important message from yesterday. That is, on the other side of the credit boom, things are very, very different. Like when you reach the speed of light and beyond, everything gets screwed up.

Gross (who manages one of the world’s largest bond funds) reckons prolonged zero interest rates retards the risk/reward spectrum. While central bankers think they are encouraging risk taking by providing no incentive to save, they actually discourage it.

Unlike the equity market, Gross implicitly understands we are in a new world of investing and investment returns. As Dan pointed out yesterday, any clown can make money when you have a dysfunctional credit system spewing out multiple billions of dollars’ worth of ‘purchasing power’, or demand, each year.

But what happens when that system breaks down?

According to Gross:

Where does credit go when it dies? It goes back to where it came from. It delevers, it slows and inhibits economic growth, and it turns economic theory upside down, ultimately challenging the wisdom of policymakers. We’ll all be making this up as we go along for what may seem like an eternity.

A 30-50 year virtuous cycle of credit expansion which has produced outsize paranormal returns for financial assets – bonds, stocks, real estate and commodities alike – is now delevering because of excessive “risk” and the “price” of money at the zero-bound. We are witnessing the death of abundance and the borning of austerity, for what may be a long, long time.

That’s the reality you’re facing, dear reader. If you don’t like it, you can unsubscribe and try and get your hands on some broker’s ‘morning notes’ or something. You won’t read anything bearish – or realistic – in there.

If you don’t like it and would rather think about ways to try and protect your wealth in this new world, keep reading each day. We can’t promise anything. But we will be honest and tell it like it is.

That’s why we wanted to hold an investment conference here in Australia. Questions about the decline of the US, the dominance of China and investing in a post-credit bubble world are important for you to consider now. Because no one else in this country is having this conversation.

We’ve organised powerful independent speakers for our upcoming event in Sydney in March. They, along with all the Port Phillip Publishing editors, will talk about these themes. We’ll also provide actionable ideas for you to protect and grow your wealth.

There’s already a select group of Markets and Money readers joining us in March. If you want to be a part of it too, I suggest you hurry as there are only a limited number of tickets available.

In the meantime, enjoy the spectacle of this latest bear market rally. We suspect the enthusiasm generated by the global manufacturing data will prove to be the market’s last hurrah.


Greg Canavan
for Markets and Money

Greg Canavan
Greg Canavan is a contributing Editor of Markets and Money and is the foremost authority for retail investors on value investing in Australia. He is a former head of Australasian Research for an Australian asset-management group and has been a regular guest on CNBC, Sky Business’s The Perrett Report and Lateline Business. Greg is also the editor of Crisis & Opportunity, an investment publication designed to help investors profit from companies and stocks that are undervalued on the market. To follow Greg's financial world view more closely you can subscribe to Markets and Money for free here. If you’re already a Markets and Money subscriber, then we recommend you also join him on Google+. It's where he shares investment research, commentary and ideas that he can't always fit into his regular Markets and Money emails. For more on Greg go here.

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2 Comments on "Why the Latest Global Manufacturing Data Is Not Good, Just Less Worse"

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Screwed by the deniers and damned by the fools who do not know…

William Heard

Dear Greg,
“dominance of China”—what happens when/if China decides to send a few hundred million over(perhaps many by boat)and “annex” Australia by a “peaceful settlement”? Might be bearish for Aussie stocks and bonds.

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